The dimensions of color include hue, value and intensity. These dimensions
account for the differences we see in colors. Hue refers to the name of a
specific color. There are three kinds of hues: primary, secondary and
tertiary. These colors can be found on a color wheel. For example, the
Pantone wheel is the international standard for color in printing, publishing
and business as well as an official color wheel. Value refers to the degree of
lightness or darkness of a hue. Intensity refers to the relative brightness or
dullness of the hue.
Texture is the tactile and visible structure of a garment surface. Texture is a
result of the fiber content, yarn structure, fabric structure and finish. The
tactile aspect (the hand) of the finished garment may be described as supple
or rigid, hard or soft, thick or thin, stretchy or stable, limp or resilient, fine or
coarse, open or compact. In addition to the hand or feel of the surface of the
fabric, the weight of the fabric is part of the texture. The weight may range
from heavy through various mid-weights to lightweight; the weight
influences both the tactile and visual aspects. The visual aspects include the
surface, such as dull, smooth, shiny or nubby, and the substance, such as
opaqueness, sheerness or density. The audio aspect may project mood by its
sounds, such as the rustle of taffeta. Only a few fabrics have an audio aspect.
Pattern is an arrangement of the elements of line, space, shape and color on
or in a fabric or garment. Pattern can be created through fabric construction,
applied surface pattern or fabric manipulation.


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