| 3. Sufficient rows of stitching are used to prevent the elastic from |
folding over on itself.
|4. Any joins in the elastic are lapped, butted or trimmed to reduce bulk.|
|Internal Casings - An internal casing uses a fabric casing applied to the|
|inside, or sometimes to the outside, of a garment. Elastic or a drawstring is |
inserted in the casing in order to control waistline fullness.
|1. The stitching lines are parallel.|
| 2. The casing is the correct width for the elastic (usually 1/8" wider than |
the elastic) or the drawstring (usually 114" wider than the diameter of
| 3. The raw edges of the casing are finished, if necessary, to prevent |
|4. The elastic or drawstring is not twisted in the casing.|
|5. Openings in the casing, when present, are neat and durable.|
| 6. Casings for the elastic are stitched closed after the insertion of the |
| 7. Any seams in the elastic are lapped, butted, or trimmed, to reduce |
| 8. The casing fabric is soft, thin, consistent in grain line and compatible |
with the garment's fabric.
|Waistline Seams - A waistline seam is created when garment sections are |
seamed together at the waistline.
| 1. All major construction points on both garment sections are matched |
i.e. seams, darts, pleats and gathers.
|2. Fullness, if present, is evenly distributed unless otherwise designed.|
| 3. A waist stay is applied if necessary. The stay is cut the proper length |
and attached only at seams and darts. It has a separate closure from
that of the garment.
| 4. For inset bands at the waist, see the description under NECKLINE |
TREATMENTS, Inset Bands.
|Button and Decorative Snap Closures - Buttons and buttonholes are |
one of the most common methods used to join two pieces of a garment. In
women's clothing, buttons are placed on the left side of the opening and the
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